May 18, 2022 Devotional Bible Study

May 18, 2022
Eastertide

Today’s Readings: 


Invocation

The Lord is risen from the tomb who for our sakes hung upon the tree. Alleluia.

GLORY be to thee, O Lord, glory be to thee: glory to thee, who hast given me sleep to refresh my weakness, and to alleviate the labours of this fragile flesh. [1]

Lord, in your mercy 

      hear our prayer. 

Lord, hear us. 

      Lord, graciously hear us.

Morning Prayers

Rejoicing in God’s new creation, let us pray with confidence as our Saviour has taught us…

Our Father, who art in heaven,

    hallowed be thy Name,

    thy kingdom come,

    thy will be done,

        on earth as it is in heaven.

Give us this day our daily bread.

And forgive us our trespasses,

    as we forgive those

        who trespass against us.

And lead us not into temptation,

    but deliver us from evil.

For thine is the kingdom,

    and the power, and the glory,

    for ever and ever. Amen.

O Heavenly King, Comforter, Spirit of Truth, everywhere present and filling all things, Treasury of blessings and Giver of life, come and abide in us, cleanse us from every stain, and save our souls, O Good One. [2]

Glory to You who have shown us the light. Glory to God in the highest, peace on earth, and goodwill among men. We praise You, we bless You, we worship You, we glorify You, we give You thanks for Your great glory: Lord, King, God of heaven, Father Almighty; Only-begotten Son, Lord Jesus Christ; and Holy Spirit. Lord God, Lamb of God, Son of the Father, who take away the sin of the world, have mercy on us, You who take away the sins of the world. Receive our prayer, O You who sit at the right hand of the Father, and have mercy on us. For You alone are holy, You alone are Lord, Jesus Christ, to the glory of God the Father. AMEN. [3]

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit: as it was in the beginning, is now, and will be for ever. Amen. 

Alleluia!

Hymn

“Good Christians all, rejoice and sing”

(1982 Hymnal # 205)

By Cyril A. Alington, 1872-1955

Short Verse

Truly, his salvation is very near to those who fear him,* that his glory may dwell in our land. 

Psalm 85:9

Morning Reading

Leviticus 19:9-18, Love your neighbor

9 When you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not reap to the very edges of your field, or gather the gleanings of your harvest. 10 You shall not strip your vineyard bare, or gather the fallen grapes of your vineyard; you shall leave them for the poor and the alien: I am the Lord your God.

11 You shall not steal; you shall not deal falsely; and you shall not lie to one another. 12 And you shall not swear falsely by my name, profaning the name of your God: I am the Lord.

13 You shall not defraud your neighbor; you shall not steal; and you shall not keep for yourself the wages of a laborer until morning. 14 You shall not revile the deaf or put a stumbling block before the blind; you shall fear your God: I am the Lord.

15 You shall not render an unjust judgment; you shall not be partial to the poor or defer to the great: with justice you shall judge your neighbor. 16 You shall not go around as a slanderer[a] among your people, and you shall not profit by the blood[b] of your neighbor: I am the Lord.

17 You shall not hate in your heart anyone of your kin; you shall reprove your neighbor, or you will incur guilt yourself. 18 You shall not take vengeance or bear a grudge against any of your people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself: I am the Lord.

Morning Lesson

Second Great Commandment

“Do you see how the law proclaims simultaneously the justice and goodness of God, who provides food unstintingly for all? Again, in the grape harvest the harvesters are forbidden to go back and cut anything that has been left over or to collect fallen grapes [vv. 9-10]. The same rules are applied to olive gatherers. In fact the principle of tithing crops and flocks was an education in honoring the divine. We are not to be totally absorbed by profit but to share humanely with the neighbor as well,” (Clement of Alexandria, Stromateis 2.86.1). [4]

“Theft [v. 11] is forbidden by the Seventh Commandment, and lying is forbidden by the Eighth; false dealings can violate both Commandments.” [5]

“Let no one deny the hireling the wage he is owed [v. 13], since we too are hirelings of our God, and from him we look forward to the reward of our labor. And if you indeed, whatever type of businessman you are, deny your hireling a monetary payment that is a perishable trifle, you shall be denied the reward of heaven that has been promised. You shall not defraud, as the law says, the hireling of his pay,” (St. Ambrose, Letter 62 [19].3). [6]

“Withholding just remuneration [v. 13] to hired workers is listed among the sins that cry to heaven. To pay a just wage is a moral obligation of employers, and failure to do so can be gravely evil. A just wage must reflect a fair consideration of the needs and contributions of each worker. It is important to note that a mere mutual agreement or contract never justifies an unjust wage agreed upon by a worker in serious need of livelihood. Workers’ wages must be sufficient to allow a breadwinner to provide for the needs of his family and dependents so they can lead dignified lives. Both a just wage and reasonable work hours set the stage for the cultivation of the human spirit in terms of leisure for spiritual growth, cultural pursuits, and social interaction. Among other rights of workers are humane working conditions, periods of rest, unemployment benefits, insurance for on-the-job injuries, pensions, maternity leave, and the rights to assemble and to strike.” [7]

“‘You shall not be partial to the poor’ [v. 15], a precept given lest under pretext of showing pity we should judge an unjust judgment. For each individual is to be judged not by his personal importance but by the merits of his case. His wealth need not stand in the way of the rich man, if he makes a good use of it; and poverty of itself can be no recommendation to the poor if in the midst of squalor and want he fails to stay away from wrongdoing,” (Jerome, Letter 79.1). [8]

“In general, injustice consists in the failure to give what is due toward God or neighbor. Justice [v. 15] to God includes the obligation to honor, praise, and thank him in response to his innumerable blessings showered upon us. Justice toward neighbor consists in giving either individuals or society what is fairly due them.” [9]

You shall love your neighbor as yourself [v. 18]. “This comprises the Second Great Commandment mentioned by Christ (cf. Mt 22:37-40). The mandate to love one’s neighbor is the spirit behind the prohibitions listed in the Decalogue. All civil and ecclesiastical laws [should be] a concrete application of this special commandment.” [10]

Here what our Lord Jesus Christ says:

You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart

and with all your soul and with all your mind.

This is the first and great commandment.

And the second is like it:

You shall love your neighbor as yourself.

On these two commandments depend all the Law and the Prophets.

The Summary of the Law (The Book of Common Prayer)

Lord, in your mercy 

      hear our prayer. 

Lord, hear us. 

      Lord, graciously hear us.

Midday Prayers

     MERCIFUL and gracious Lord, long-suffering, and of great goodness; (Exod.xxxiv. 6.) I have sinned, O Lord, I have sinned against thee. 

     O wretched man that I am! (Rom. vii. 24.) I have sinned against thee, O, Lord; many times and grievously I have sinned; and that by observing vanities and lies.—Jonah ii. 8. 

     I hide nothing from thee; I pretend no vain excuses.

  • Lancelot Andrewes [11]

BE THOU, O LORD, a light unto mine eyes, music to my ears, sweetness to my taste, and a full contentment to my heart. Be thou my sunshine in the day, my food at the table, my repose in the night, my clothing in nakedness, and my succor in all necessities. Amen.

  • The People’s Missal, 1919 [12]

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit: as it was in the beginning, is now, and will be for ever. Amen. 

Alleluia!

Short Verse

There is forgiveness with you;* therefore you shall be feared. 

Psalm 130:3

Midday Reading

Luke 10:25-28, Love your neighbor

25 Just then a lawyer stood up to test Jesus.[a] “Teacher,” he said, “what must I do to inherit eternal life?” 26 He said to him, “What is written in the law? What do you read there?” 27 He answered, “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your strength, and with all your mind; and your neighbor as yourself.” 28 And he said to him, “You have given the right answer; do this, and you will live.”

Midday Lesson

The summary of the Law

“Christ often found himself opposed by the Scribes and Pharisees, but not all were antagonistic to his teaching. When the scribe in this passage attempted to ‘test’ him, Christ engaged him in conversation. He praised the scribe’s summary of the Law but broadened its application beyond what most believed: our ‘neighbor’ is not simply one who shares our religious faith, culture, or homeland. Followers of Christ are required to manifest their love of God through mercy and compassion toward all people.” [13]


Lord, in your mercy 

      hear our prayer. 

Lord, hear us. 

      Lord, graciously hear us.

Eventide Prayers

THE day is vanished and gone; my life also is vanished, a life wherein we scarcely live. 

The night cometh on, death also cometh on; a death wherein we shall not die. 

     As is the end of the day, even so is the end of life, even near at hand. We, therefore, remembering this, beseech thee, O Lord, to grant that our ends may be truly Christian, acceptable to thee, void of sin and shame, and, so far as thou shalt think proper, void of pain.

  • Lancelot Andrewes [14]
At Night.

O Lord, give me that grace that I may remember Thee upon my bed, and think upon Thee when I am waking. Thou hast been my helper; therefore under the shadow of Thy wings I will hope to pass through the darkness of this night, in the comfort of Jesus Christ, my Lord and only Saviour. Amen.

  • William Laud, Abp of Canterbury & Martyr [15]

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit: as it was in the beginning, is now, and will be for ever. Amen. 

Alleluia!

Short Verse

Let everything that has breath* praise the LORD. Hallelujah! 

Psalm 150:6

An artist at work at St Justinian, Wales; 2021 (Wikipedia)

Eventide Reading

“God the Artist”

By Dag Hammarskjöld

Thou takest the pen – 

and the lines dance. 

Thou takest the flute – 

and the notes shimmer. 

Thou takest the brush – 

and the colours sing. 

So all things have meaning and beauty 

in that space beyond time where Thou art. 

How, then, can I hold back anything from Thee? 

[16]

Concluding Prayer of the Church

Keep watch, dear Lord, with those who work, or watch, or weep this night, and give your angels charge over those who sleep. Tend the sick, Lord Christ; give rest to the weary, bless the dying, soothe the suffering, pity the afflicted, shield the joyous; and all for your love’s sake. Amen. †

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit: as it was in the beginning, is now, and will be for ever. Amen. 

Alleluia!


Citations:

[1] Andrewes, Lancelot. The Private Devotions and Manual for the Sick of Launcelot Andrews (Kindle ed., p. 210). Kindle Edition. 

[2] Papavassiliou, V. (2014). Morning Prayers. In The ancient faith prayer book (Kindle ed., p. 3). Chesterton, IN: Ancient Faith Publishing.

[3] Papavassiliou, V. (2014). Morning Prayers. In The ancient faith prayer book (Kindle ed., p. 14). Chesterton, IN: Ancient Faith Publishing.

[4] Clement of Alexandria. (2019). Psalms. In Ancient faith study Bible (Kindle ed., p. 1204). Nashville: Holman Bible.

[5] Cole, J. (Ed.). (2015). Leviticus. In Didache Bible: With commentaries based on the Catechism of the Catholic Church (Kindle ed., p. 308). Downers Grove, IL: Midwest Theological Forum, Ignatius Press.

[6] Ambrose. (2019). Psalms. In Ancient faith study Bible (Kindle ed., p. 1204). Nashville: Holman Bible.

[7] Cole, J. (Ed.). (2015). Leviticus. In Didache Bible: With commentaries based on the Catechism of the Catholic Church (Kindle ed., p. 308). Downers Grove, IL: Midwest Theological Forum, Ignatius Press.

[8] Jerome. (2019). Psalms. In Ancient faith study Bible (Kindle ed., p. 1204). Nashville: Holman Bible.

[9] Cole, J. (Ed.). (2015). Leviticus. In Didache Bible: With commentaries based on the Catechism of the Catholic Church (Kindle ed., p. 308). Downers Grove, IL: Midwest Theological Forum, Ignatius Press.

[10] Ibid. 9

[11] Andrewes, Lancelot. The Private Devotions and Manual for the Sick of Launcelot Andrews (Kindle ed., p. 428). Kindle Edition.

[12] Cobb, D., & Olsen, D. A. (2014). Daily Prayers. In Saint Augustine’s prayer book: A book of devotions (Kindle ed., p. 55). Cincinnati, OH: Forward Movement.

[13] Cole, J. (Ed.). (2015). Luke. In Didache Bible: With commentaries based on the Catechism of the Catholic Church (Kindle ed., p. 2871). Downers Grove, IL: Midwest Theological Forum, Ignatius Press.

[14] Andrewes, Lancelot. The Private Devotions and Manual for the Sick of Launcelot Andrews (Kindle ed., p. 2558). Kindle Edition. 

[15] LAUD, W. (1855). Wednesday Compline: At Night. In The Private Devotions of Dr. William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury and Martyr (Ebook ed., p. 30). London and Oxford: John Henry & Jas. Parker.

[16] The Northumbria Community. (2015). Daily Prayer. In Celtic Daily Prayer (Kindle ed., p. 3896). London: HarperCollins.

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